Age of Revolution:
Europe and Colonial America
Seeds of Rebellion:
"Many mickles make a muckle."
It was not even the 1700s, yet, and the Thirteen Colonies were filling up; colonists spread their wings and tested the limits of their new found liberties.
Uprising in the New World: King Philip's War
|Woodcut of Natives setting fire to colonists log cabin|
But they were stepping on some toes. Metacomet (son of Massasoit), also known as King Phillip, fell upon the English colonists and some of their Indian allies, in 1675. The conflict began after three of Phillip's warriors were executed for the murder of a Native who had converted to Christianity, suspected of acting as a spy for the colonists. The underlying issue, however, was the encroachment of Indian territory by the colonists. Hence, a three-year war was fought between Native tribes and colonists. In the end, hundreds of colonists and thousands of Indians were killed or sold into slavery, more Native American territories were lost to the English, and King Phillip was murdered by another converted Indian.
|Virginian Governor Confronting Bacon|
|Gang of Captives at Mbame's|
French and Indian War
|Washington as Captain in the French and Indian War - Stearns, 1851|
The French had claimed much of the area the Ohio Valley and Louisiana, but so had the British. French and Indians began violent raids on colonial villages, which led to retaliation, lasting until 1761. Even a young George Washington was a major in the Continental Army against the French and showed great promise.
In the end, the French handed over the Ohio Valley and Canada to the British and the area of Louisiana to the Spanish (and Spain gave Florida to England). Meanwhile, the Native Indians lost more territories as well and were pushed further West.
Amos Fortune, Free Man - Elizabeth Yates
The Matchlock Gun - Walter Edmonds
This month we studied the works of these individuals for enrichment. I try to stay in the time period of our history.
Alexander Pope (1688-1744)
Johann Pachelbel (1653-1706)
One of America's first noted artists was John Singleton Copley, who is known for his portrait art of colonial Americans, such a Paul Revere.
John Singleton Copley (1738-1815)
In November, we will get into the conflicts leading up to America's Revolutionary War.